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ICOS makes critical measurements of greenhouse gases, using an in-situ observation network. Those data are integrated to provide a knowledge base for necessary climate action.

ICOS Sweden stations are essential for ICOS, as they provide otherwise scarce data from northern latitudes, which are undergoing the fastest climate change in the world. Climate warming could destabilise carbon stored in boreal forest soils, accelerate degradation of the mires and acidification of the seas, with concomitant impact on Sweden’s economy and commitment to enhance carbon sinks.

Scientific knowledge on GHG emissions, sinks and trends advances the fulfilment of the UN Sustainable Development Goals and EU Societal Challenges connected to climate change.  Nationally, scientific knowledge emanating from ICOS will support the Swedish Climate Policy Framework aiming for net zero GHG emission in 2045.